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The Plague of War: Athens, Sparta, and the Struggle for Ancient Greece

9780190940881
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In 431 BC, the long simmering rivalry between the city-states of Athens and Sparta erupted into open warfare, and for more than a generation the two were locked in a life-and-death struggle. The war embroiled the entire Greek world, provoking years of butchery previously unparalleled in ancient Greece. Whole cities were exterminated, their men killed, their women and children enslaved. While the war is commonly believed to have ended with the capture of the Athenian navy in 405 and the subsequent starvation of Athens, fighting in Greece would continue for several decades. Sparta's authority was challenged in the so-called Corinthian War (395-387) when Persian gold helped unite Athens with Sparta's former allies. The war did not truly end until, in 371, Thebes' crack infantry resoundingly defeated Sparta at Leuctra, forever shattering the myth of Spartan military supremacy.

Jennifer Roberts' rich narrative of this famous conflict is the first general history to tell the whole story, from the war's origins down to Sparta's defeat at Leuctra. In her masterful account, this long and bloody war affected every area of life in Athens, exacerbated divisions between rich and poor in Sparta, and sparked civil strife throughout the Greek world. Yet despite the biting sorrows the fighting occasioned, it remains a gripping saga of plots and counter-plots, murders and lies, thrilling sea chases and desperate overland marches, missed opportunities and last-minute reprieves, and, as the war's first historian Thucydides had hoped, lessons for a less bellicose future. In addition, Roberts considers the impact of the war on Greece's cultural life, including the great masterworks of tragedy and comedy performed at this time and, most infamously, the trial and execution of Socrates. A fast-paced narrative of one of antiquity's most famous clashes, The Plague of War is a must-read for history enthusiasts of all ages.

Cover:
Paperback
Edition Number:
1
ISBN:
9780190940881
Pages:
448
Author:
Roberts Jennifer T.
Publisher:
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Release Year:
2019

Jennifer T. Roberts is Professor of Classics and History at the City College of New York and the City University of New York Graduate Center. She is the author of Athens on Trial: The Anti-Democratic Tradition in Western Thought and Herodotus: A Very Short Introduction, and editor (with Walter Blanco) of the Norton Critical Editions of Herodotus' The Histories and Thucydides' The Peloponnesian War.

List of Maps and Images

A Note on Sources
Introduction
Chapter 1: Setting the Stage
Chapter 2: The Greek States at War and Peace
Chapter 3: Sparta Provoked, Athens Intransigent
Chapter 4: The War Begins
Chapter 5: The Plague of War
Chapter 6: New Challenges and New Leaders
Chapter 7: The Fortunes of War
Chapter 8: War Throughout the Mainland, and the Call of the West
Chapter 9: Moving Towards Peace
Chapter 10: The Peace that Was Not Peace
Chapter 11: An Invitation and Two Scandals
Chapter 12: Deliverance for Syracuse
Chapter 13: The Empire Strikes Back
Chapter 14: Dramatic Developments for the Athenians
Chapter 15: Alcibiades, Cyrus, and Lysander
Chapter 16: A Seeming Victory
Chapter 17: Athens After the Amnesty
Chapter 18: The Greek States in a Changing World
Chapter 19: Continuing Warfare in an Age of Reflection
Chapter 20: The End for Sparta
Chapter 21: War Without Victory
Cast of Characters

Bibliography

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