How popular democracy has paradoxically eroded trust in political systems worldwide, and how to restore confidence in democratic politics
In recent decades, democracies across the world have adopted measures to increase popular involvement in political decisions. Parties have turned to primaries and local caucuses to select candidates; ballot initiatives and referenda allow citizens to enact laws directly; many places now use proportional representation, encouraging smaller, more specific parties rather than two dominant ones.Yet voters keep getting angrier.There is a steady erosion of trust in politicians, parties, and democratic institutions, culminating most recently in major populist victories in the United States, the United Kingdom, and elsewhere.
Frances McCall Rosenbluth is the Damon Wells Professor of Political Science at Yale University.
Ian Shapiro is Sterling Professor of Political Science and director of the MacMillan Center at Yale University. Both are fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.