Αρχική / Κοινωνικές Επιστήμες / Πολιτική / Democracy after Virtue: Toward Pragmatic Confucian Democracy

Democracy after Virtue: Toward Pragmatic Confucian Democracy

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Is Confucianism compatible with democracy? Ongoing debates among political theorists revolve around the question of whether the overarching goal of Confucianism—serving the people's moral and material well-being—is attainable in modern day politics without broad democratic participation and without relying on a "one person, one vote" system. One side of the debate—voiced by "traditional" Confucian meritocrats—argues that only certain people are equipped with the moral character needed to lead and ensure broad public well-being. They emphasize moral virtue over civic virtue and the family over the state as the quintessential public institution. Moreover, they believe that a system of rule headed by meritorious elites can better handle complex modern public affairs than representative democracy. The other side—voiced by Confucian democrats—argues that unless all citizens participate equally in the public sphere, the kind of moral growth Confucianism emphasizes cannot be fully attained. Despite notable differences in political orientation, scholars of both positions acknowledge that democracy is largely of instrumental value for realizing Confucian moral ends in modern society. It would seem that Confucians of both types have largely dismissed democracy as a political system that can mediate clashing values and political views—or even that Confucian democracy is a system marked by pluralism.

 

In this book, Sungmoon Kim lays out a normative theory of Confucian democracy—pragmatic Confucian democracy—to address questions of the right to political participation, instrumental and intrinsic values of democracy, democratic procedure and substance, punishment and criminal justice, social and economic justice, and humanitarian intervention. As such, this project is not only relevant to the much debated topic of Confucian democracy as a cultural alternative to Western-style liberal democracy in East Asia, but it further investigates the philosophical implications of the idea and institution of Confucian democracy in normative democratic theory, criminal justice, distributive justice, and just war. Ultimately, Kim shows us that the question is not so much about the compatibility of Confucianism and democracy, but of how the two systems can benefit from each other.

Συγγραφέας: Kim Sungmoon
Εκδότης: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Σελίδες: 274
ISBN: 9780197528280
Εξώφυλλο: Μαλακό Εξώφυλλο
Αριθμός Έκδοσης: 1
Έτος έκδοσης: 2020
Preface
Introduction: Toward Pragmatic Confucian Democracy
PART 1: Democracy
Chapter 1: Political Participation
Chapter 2: Value of Democracy
Chapter 3: Procedure and Substance
PART II: Justice
Chapter 4: State Coercion and Criminal Punishment
Chapter 5: Sufficiency and Equality
Chapter 6: Humanitarian Intervention
Conclusion: The Future of Confucian Political Theory-A Methodological Suggestion
Notes
Bibliography

Index

Sungmoon Kim is Professor of Political Theory at City University of Hong Kong. He is the author of Confucian Democracy in East Asia: Theory and Practice and Public Reason Confucianism: Democratic Perfectionism and Constitutionalism in East Asia.

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