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Henri Poincare: A Scientific Biography

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Henri Poincaré (1854–1912) was not just one of the most inventive, versatile, and productive mathematicians of all time—he was also a leading physicist who almost won a Nobel Prize for physics and a prominent philosopher of science whose fresh and surprising essays are still in print a century later. The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Henri Poincaré explores all the fields that Poincaré touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today.

Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincaré’s influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincaré conjecture. And Poincaré’s reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein’s, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincaré the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against the attacks of logicians such as Bertrand Russell, opposed the views of Catholic apologists, and served as an expert witness in probability for the notorious Dreyfus case that polarized France.

Richly informed by letters and documents, Henri Poincaré demonstrates how one man’s work revolutionized math, science, and the greater world.

Συγγραφέας: Gray Jeremy
Εκδότης: PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS
Σελίδες: 608
ISBN: 9780691242033
Εξώφυλλο: Μαλακό Εξώφυλλο
Αριθμός Έκδοσης: 1
Έτος έκδοσης: 2023

Jeremy Gray is an Emeritus Professor at the Open University and an Honorary Professor of Mathematics at the University of Warwick. He is an Inaugural Fellow of the American Mathematical Society, and for his work in the history of mathematics he was a recipient in 2009 of the AMS’s Albert Leon Whiteman Memorial Prize, and in 2016 of the Otto Neugebauer Prize of the European Mathematical Society. He is the author or co-author of 13 books on the subject, including Plato’s Ghost: The Modernist Transformation of Mathematics (2008), Henri Poincaré: a scientific biography (2012), and three books on the history of algebra, analysis, and geometry on the 19th century.

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