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Law and Revolution, I: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition

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The roots of modern Western legal institutions and concepts go back nine centuries to the Papal Revolution, when the Western church established its political and legal unity and its independence from emperors, kings, and feudal lords. Out of this upheaval came the Western idea of integrated legal systems consciously developed over generations and centuries. Harold J. Berman describes the main features of these systems of law, including the canon law of the church, the royal law of the major kingdoms, the urban law of the newly emerging cities, feudal law, manorial law, and mercantile law. In the coexistence and competition of these systems he finds an important source of the Western belief in the supremacy of law.

Written simply and dramatically, carrying a wealth of detail for the scholar but also a fascinating story for the layman, the book grapples with wide-ranging questions of our heritage and our future. One of its main themes is the interaction between the Western belief in legal evolution and the periodic outbreak of apocalyptic revolutionary upheavals.

Berman challenges conventional nationalist approaches to legal history, which have neglected the common foundations of all Western legal systems. He also questions conventional social theory, which has paid insufficient attention to the origin of modern Western legal systems and has therefore misjudged the nature of the crisis of the legal tradition in the twentieth century.

Συγγραφέας: Berman Harold
Εκδότης: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Σελίδες: 672
ISBN: 9780674517769
Εξώφυλλο: Μαλακό Εξώφυλλο
Αριθμός Έκδοσης: 1
Έτος έκδοσης: 1985
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • I. The Papal Revolution and the Canon Law
    • 1. The Background of the Western Legal Tradition: The Folklaw
    • 2. The Origin of the Western Legal Tradition in the Papal Revolution
    • 3. The Origin of Western Legal Science in the European Universities
    • 4. Theological Sources of the Western Legal Tradition
    • 5. Canon Law: The First Modern Western Legal System
    • 6. Structural Elements of the System of Canon Law
    • 7. Becket versus Henry II: The Competition of Concurrent Jurisdictions
  • II. The Formation of Secular Legal Systems
    • The Concept of Secular Law
    • Feudal Law
    • Manorial Law
    • Mercantile Law
    • Urban Law
    • Royal Law: Sicily, England, Normandy, France
    • Royal Law: Germany, Spain, Flanders, Hungary, Denmark
  • Conclusion
  • Abbreviations
  • Notes
  • Acknowledgments
  • Index

Harold J. Berman was Woodruff Professor of Law at Emory University and Ames Professor of Law, Emeritus, at Harvard University.

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