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Social Darwinism

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This Element is a philosophical history of Social Darwinism. It begins by discussing the meaning of the term, moving then to its origins, paying particular attention to whether it is Charles Darwin or Herbert Spencer who is the true father of the idea. It gives an exposition of early thinking on the subject, covering Darwin and Spencer themselves and then on to Social Darwinism as found in American thought, with special emphasis on Andrew Carnegie, and Germany with special emphasis on Friedrich von Bernhardi. Attention is also paid to outliers, notably the Englishman Alfred Russel Wallace, the Russian Peter Kropotkin, and the German Friedrich Nietzsche. From here we move into the twentieth century looking at Adolf Hitler - hardly a regular Social Darwinian given he did not believe in evolution - and in the Anglophone world, Julian Huxley and Edward O. Wilson, who reflected the concerns of their society.

Συγγραφείς: Ruse Michael, O'Connell Jeffrey
Εκδότης: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Σελίδες: 71
ISBN: 9781108793803
Εξώφυλλο: Μαλακό Εξώφυλλο
Αριθμός Έκδοσης: 1
Έτος έκδοσης: 2021

Introduction
1. Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution
2. Darwin on Morality
3. Herbert Spencer
4. Social Darwinism Triumphant
5. Rejection
6. Darwin and Spencer Redux
7. Social Darwinism Deconstructed
8. Alternative Philosophies
9. Friedrich Nietzsche
10. The Hitler Problem
11. Scientific Responsibility
12. Echoes of The Past
13. And The World Said?.

Michael Ruse is the former Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University. Over his fifty-year career he has authored and co-edited over sixty books on topics ranging from the history and philosophy of science, especially evolutionary biology, to the philosophy of religion. They include Can a Darwinian be a Christian? (Cambridge, 2004), The Gaia Hypothesis: Science on a Pagan Planet (2013), and A Meaning to Life (2019).

Jeffrey O'ConnellFlorida State University

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