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When France Fell: The Vichy Crisis and the Fate of the Anglo-American Alliance

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Διαθέσιμο από: 19/10/2021

Shocked by the fall of France in 1940, panicked U.S. leaders rushed to back the Vichy government—a fateful decision that nearly destroyed the Anglo–American alliance.

According to U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson, the “most shocking single event” of World War II was not the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, but rather the fall of France in spring 1940. Michael Neiberg offers a dramatic history of the American response—a policy marked by panic and moral ineptitude, which placed the United States in league with fascism and nearly ruined the alliance with Britain.

The successful Nazi invasion of France destabilized American planners’ strategic assumptions. At home, the result was huge increases in defense spending, the advent of peacetime military conscription, and domestic spying to weed out potential fifth columnists. Abroad, the United States decided to work with Vichy France despite its pro-Nazi tendencies. The U.S.–Vichy partnership, intended to buy time and temper the flames of war in Europe, severely strained Anglo–American relations. American leaders naively believed that they could woo men like Philippe Pétain, preventing France from becoming a formal German ally. The British, however, understood that Vichy was subservient to Nazi Germany and instead supported resistance figures such as Charles de Gaulle. After the war, the choice to back Vichy tainted U.S.–French relations for decades.

Our collective memory of World War II as a period of American strength overlooks the desperation and faulty decision making that drove US policy from 1940 to 1943. Tracing the key diplomatic and strategic moves of these formative years, When France Fell gives us a more nuanced and complete understanding of the war and of the global position the United States would occupy afterward.

Συγγραφέας: Neiberg Michael
Εκδότης: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Σελίδες: 320
ISBN: 9780674258563
Εξώφυλλο: Σκληρό Εξώφυλλο
Αριθμός Έκδοσης: 1
Έτος έκδοσης: 2021
  • Map: Political Division of France after the Armistice of June 22, 1940
  • Introduction: A Fight for Love and Glory
  • 1. We’ll Always Have Paris: The Nazis March In
  • 2. A Hill of Beans in This Crazy World: America’s New Insecurity
  • 3. No Good at Being Noble: The Vichy Quandary
  • 4. We Mustn’t Underestimate American Blundering: Britain’s Imperial Insecurity
  • 5. They’re Asleep in New York: The Allies Look for Answers
  • 6. A Beautiful Friendship? The Invasion of French North Africa
  • 7. Round Up the Usual Suspects: Assassination in Algiers
  • Conclusion As Time Goes By
  • Notes
  • Acknowledgments
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index

Michael S. Neiberg is the Chair of War Studies in the Department of National Security and Strategy at the US Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He is the author of many books on the First and Second World Wars, including The Path to War: How the First World War Created Modern America, The Blood of Free Men: The Liberation of Paris, 1944, and Dance of the Furies: Europe and the Outbreak of World War I, which was named one of the five best books ever written about the war by the Wall Street Journal.

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