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Philosophy in the Hellenistic and Roman Worlds: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps Vol. 2

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Peter Adamson offers an accessible, humorous tour through a period of eight hundred years when some of the most influential of all schools of thought were formed: from the third century BC to the sixth century AD. He introduces us to Cynics and Skeptics, Epicureans and Stoics, emperors and slaves, and traces the development of Christian and Jewish philosophy and of ancient science. Chapters are devoted to such major figures as Epicurus, Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca, Plotinus, and Augustine. But in keeping with the motto of the series, the story is told 'without any gaps,' providing an in-depth look at less familiar topics that remains suitable for the general reader. For instance, there are chapters on the fascinating but relatively obscure Cyrenaic philosophical school, on pagan philosophical figures like Porphyry and Iamblichus, and extensive coverage of the Greek and Latin Christian Fathers who are at best peripheral in most surveys of ancient philosophy. A major theme of the book is in fact the competition between pagan and Christian philosophy in this period, and the Jewish tradition also appears in the shape of Philo of Alexandria. Ancient science is also considered, with chapters on ancient medicine and the interaction between philosophy and astronomy. Considerable attention is paid also to the wider historical context, for instance by looking at the ascetic movement in Christianity and how it drew on ideas from Hellenic philosophy. From the counter-cultural witticisms of Diogenes the Cynic to the subtle skepticism of Sextus Empiricus, from the irreverent atheism of the Epicureans to the ambitious metaphysical speculation of Neoplatonism, from the ethical teachings of Marcus Aurelius to the political philosophy of Augustine, the book gathers together all aspects of later ancient thought in an accessible and entertaining way.

Author: Adamson Peter
Pages: 464
ISBN: 9780198818601
Cover: Paperback
Edition Number: 1
Release Year: 2018

Part I. Hellenistic Philosophy

1: Fighting over Socrates: The Hellenistic schools
2: Beware of the Philosopher: The Cynics
3: Instant Gratification: The Cyrenaics
4: The Constant Gardener: The Principles of Epicurus
5: Am I Bothered?: Epicurean Ethics
6: Nothing to Fear: Epicureans on Death and the Gods
7: Reaping the Harvest: Lucretius
8: Walking on Eggshells: Stoic Logic
9: Nobody's Perfect: The Stoics on Knowledge
10: We Didn't Start the Fire: The Stoics on Nature
11: Like a Rolling Stone: Stoic Ethics
12: Anger Management: Seneca
13: You Can Chain My Leg: Epictetus
14: The Philosopher King: Marcus Aurelius
15: Beyond Belief: Pyrrho and Skepticism
16: The Know Nothing Party: The Skeptical Academy
17: Rhetorical Questions: Cicero
18: Healthy Skepticism: Sextus Empiricus
19: The Joy of Sects: Ancient Medicine and Philosophy
20: The Best Doctor is a Philosopher: Galen
Part II. Pagan Philosophy in the Roman Empire
21: Caesarian Section: Philosophy in the Roman Empire
22: Middle Men: The Platonic Revival
23: To the Lighthouse: Philo of Alexandria
24: Delphic Utterances: Plutarch
25: Lost and Found: Aristotelianism after Aristotle
26: Not Written in Stone: Alexander of Aphrodisias
27: Silver Tongues in Golden Mouths: Rhetoric and Ancient Philosophy
28: Sky Writing: Astronomy, Astrology, and Philosophy
29: A God Is My Co-Pilot: The Life and Works of Plotinus
30: Simplicity Itself: Plotinus on the One and Intellect
31: On the Horizon: Plotinus on the Soul
32: A Decorated Corpse: Plotinus on Matter and Evil
33: King of Animals: Porphyry
34: Pythagorean Theorems: Iamblichus
35: Domestic Goddesses and Philosopher Queens: The Household and the State
36: The Platonic Successor: Proclus
37: A Tale of Two Cities: The Last Pagan Philosophers
38: For a Limited Time Only: John Philoponus
Part III. Christian Philosophy in the Roman Empire
39: Father Figures: Ancient Christian Philosophy
40: Please Accept our Apologies: The Greek Church Fathers
41: Fall and Rise: Origen
42: Three for the Price of One: The Cappadocians
43: Naming the Nameless: The Pseudo-Dionysius
44: Double or Nothing: Maximus the Confessor
45: Practice Makes Perfect: Christian Asceticism
46: Spreading the Word: The Latin Church Fathers
47: Life and Time: Augustine's Confessions
48: Papa Don't Teach: Augustine on Language
49: Help Wanted: Augustine on Freedom
50: Heaven and Earth: Augustine's City of God
51: Me, Myself, and I: Augustine on Mind and Memory
52: Born Again: Latin Platonism

53: Fate, Hope, and Clarity: Boethius

Peter Adamson received his BA from Williams College and PhD in Philosophy from the University of Notre Dame. He worked at King's College London from 2000 until 2012. He subsequently moved to the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, where he is Professor of Late Ancient and Arabic Philosophy. He has published widely in ancient and medieval philosophy, and is the host of the History of Philosophy podcast.

Jonardon Ganeri is a Fellow of the British Academy. He is the author of Attention, Not Self (2017), The Self (2012), The Lost Age of Reason (2011), and The Concealed Art of the Soul (2007). Ganeri's work draws on a variety of philosophical traditions to construct new positions in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and epistemology. He became the first philosopher to win the Infosys Prize in the Humanities in 2015.

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