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The Greek Revolution: A Critical Dictionary

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On the bicentennial of the Greek Revolution, an essential guide to the momentous war for independence of the Greeks from the Ottoman Empire.

The Greek war for independence (1821–1830) often goes missing from discussion of the Age of Revolutions. Yet the rebellion against Ottoman rule was enormously influential in its time, and its resonances are felt across modern history. The Greeks inspired others to throw off the oppression that developed in the backlash to the French Revolution. And Europeans in general were hardly blind to the sight of Christian subjects toppling Muslim rulers. In this collection of essays, Paschalis Kitromilides and Constantinos Tsoukalas bring together scholars writing on the many facets of the Greek Revolution and placing it squarely within the revolutionary age.

An impressive roster of contributors traces the revolution as it unfolded and analyzes its regional and transnational repercussions, including the Romanian and Serbian revolts that spread the spirit of the Greek uprising through the Balkans. The essays also elucidate religious and cultural dimensions of Greek nationalism, including the power of the Orthodox church. One essay looks at the triumph of the idea of a Greek “homeland,” which bound the Greek diaspora—and its financial contributions—to the revolutionary cause. Another essay examines the Ottoman response, involving a series of reforms to the imperial military and allegiance system. Noted scholars cover major figures of the revolution; events as they were interpreted in the press, art, literature, and music; and the impact of intellectual movements such as philhellenism and the Enlightenment.

Authors: Kitromilides Paschalis, Tsoukalas Constantinos
Pages: 816
ISBN: 9780674987432
Cover: Hardback
Edition Number: 1
Release Year: 2021
  • Note to the Reader
  • Note on Transliteration
  • Abbreviations
  • Foreword [Prokopios Pavlopoulos, former President of the Hellenic Republic]
  • Introduction: In an Age of Revolution [Paschalis M. Kitromilides]
  • I. Contexts
    • Balkan Hinterlands: The Danubian Principalities [Andrei Pippidi]
    • Balkan Hinterlands: The South Slavic Lands [Slobodan Marković]
    • Diasporas and Homelands [Mathieu Grenet]
    • Ottoman Context [H. Şükruü Ilıcak]
  • II. On the Way to Revolution
    • Communities [Vaso Seirinidou]
    • Forms of Resistance [Vasilis Molos]
    • Secret Societies: The Society of Friends and Its Forerunners [Constantinos C. Chatzopoulos]
  • III. Events and Places
    • Aegean Islands and the Revolution at Sea [Katerina Galani and Gelina Harlaftis]
    • Asia Minor [Stavros Th. Anestidis]
    • Athens [Maria D. Efthymiou]
    • Chios [Christos Landros]
    • Constantinople and Thrace [Stavros Th. Anestidis]
    • Crete [Paschalis M. Kitromilides]
    • Cyprus [Paschalis M. Kitromilides]
    • Epirus [Dionisis Tzakis]
    • Ionian Islands [Eleni Angelomatis-Tsougarakis]
    • Macedonia [Basil C. Gounaris]
    • Mesolonghi [Markos Karasarinis]
    • Morea [Dionysis Tzakis]
    • Navarino [Robert Holland]
    • Rumeli [Markos Karasarinis]
    • Samos [Christos Landros]
  • IV. Persons
    • Clergymen [Phokion Kotzagiorgis]
    • Civilian Leaders and the Beginnings of the Modern State [Dimitris Livanios]
    • Diplomats and Diplomacy [Ioannis D. Stefanidis]
    • Intellectuals [Roxane D. Argyropoulos]
    • Military Leaders [Dimitrios Papastamatiou]
    • Women [Eleni Angelomatis-Tsougarakis]
  • V. Institutions
    • Assemblies and Constitutions [Nicos C. Alivizatos]
    • The Economics of the Revolution [Kostas Kostis]
    • Education [Dimitris C. Mavroskoufis]
    • The Orthodox Church [Lucien Frary]
    • The Press [Roxane D. Argyropoulos]
  • VI. Ideas and Creative Expression
    • Enlightenment [Paschalis M. Kitromilides]
    • Literature, Learning, and Print Culture [Alexis Politis]
    • Popular Culture [Manolis G. Varvounis]
    • The Revolution as Creative Experience [Peter Mackridge]
  • VII. Resonances
    • Philhellenism [Roderick Beaton]
    • American Philhellenism [Ioannis D. Evrigenis]
    • The Visual Narration of the Greek War of Independence [Fani-Maria Tsigakou]
    • The Revolution and the Romantic Imagination: Echoes in European Literature [Rosa Mucignat and David Ricks]
    • Sounding the Greek Revolution: Music and the Greek War of Independence [Katerina Levidou]
    • Historiographical Traditions and Debates [Pericles S. Vallianos]
    • Anniversaries [Gonda Van Steen]
    • Symbolic Commemorations and Cultural Affiliations [Constantinos Tsoukalas]
  • Chronology
  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Index

Paschalis M. Kitromilides is author of numerous books, including Enlightenment and Revolution: The Making of Modern Greece. He is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Athens and a member of the Academy of Athens. He is the recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Award from the European Society for the History of Political Thought.

Constantinos Tsoukalas is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Athens. A former president of Greece’s National Centre for Social Research, he has taught all over the world, and between 2016 and 2020 was President of the Hellenic Foundation for Culture.

Constantinos Tsoukalas is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Athens. A former president of Greece’s National Centre for Social Research, he has taught all over the world, and between 2016 and 2020 was President of the Hellenic Foundation for Culture.

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