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The Probability Map of the Universe: Essays on David Albert’s Time and Chance

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Philosophers debate the ideas and implications of one of the most important contemporary works in the philosophy of science, David Albert’s Time and Chance.

In the twenty-odd years since its publication, David Albert’s Time and Chance has been recognized as one of the most significant contemporary contributions to the philosophy of science. Here, philosophers and physicists explore the implications of Albert’s arguments and debate his solutions to some of the most intractable problems in theoretical physics.

Albert has attempted to make sense of the tension between our best scientific pictures of the fundamental physical structure of the world and our everyday empirical experience of that world. In particular, he is concerned with problems arising from causality and the direction of time: defying common sense, almost all our basic scientific ideas suggest that whatever can happen can just as naturally happen in reverse. Focusing on Newtonian mechanics, Albert provides a systematic account of the temporal irreversibility of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, of the asymmetries in our epistemic access to the past and the future, and of our conviction that by acting now we can affect the future but not the past. He also generalizes the Newtonian picture to the quantum-mechanical case and suggests a deep potential connection between the problem of the direction of time and the quantum-mechanical measurement problem.

The essays included in The Probability Map of the Universe develop, explore, and critique this account, while Albert himself replies. The result is an insightful discussion of the foundations of statistical mechanics and its relation to cosmology, the direction of time, and the metaphysical nature of laws and objective probability.

Authors: Loewer Barry, Weslake Brad, Winsberg Eric
Pages: 400
ISBN: 9780674967878
Cover: Hardback
Edition Number: 1
Release Year: 2023
  • Introduction [Barry Loewer, Brad Weslake, and Eric Winsberg]
  • I. Overview of Time and Chance
    • 1. The Mentaculus: A Probability Map of the Universe [Barry Loewer]
  • II. Philosophical Foundations
    • 2. The Metaphysical Foundations of Statistical Mechanics: On the Status of PROB and PH [Eric Winsberg]
    • 3. The Logic of the Past Hypothesis [David Wallace]
    • 4. In What Sense Is the Early Universe Fine-Tuned? [Sean M. Carroll]
    • 5. The Meta-Reversibility Objection [Christopher J. G. Meacham]
    • 6. Typicality versus Humean Probabilities as the Foundation of Statistical Mechanics [Dustin Lazarovici]
    • 7. The Past Hypothesis and the Nature of Physical Laws [Eddy Keming Chen]
    • 8. On the Albertian Demon [Tim Maudlin]
  • III. Underwriting the Asymmetries of Knowledge and Intervention
    • 9. Reading the Past in the Present [Nick Huggett]
    • 10. Causes, Randomness, and the Past Hypothesis [Mathias Frisch]
    • 11. Time, Flies, and Why We Can’t Control the Past [Alison Fernandes]
    • 12. The Concept of Intervention in Time and Chance [Sidney Felder]
  • Conclusion [David Z Albert]
  • Contributors
  • Index

Barry Loewer is Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University and Director of the Rutgers Center for Philosophy and the Sciences.

Brad Weslake is Global Network Professor of Philosophy at New York University, Associate Professor of Philosophy at New York University Shanghai, and Guest Professor of Philosophy at East China Normal University.

Eric Winsberg is Professor of Philosophy at the University of South Florida.

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